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Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer may include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful urination
  • Lower back pain

Factors that may increase your risk of developing bladder cancer include:

  • Smoking tobacco/cigarettes
  • Family history of bladder cancer
  • Exposure to paints, dyes, metals, or petroleum products
  • History of radiation therapy to pelvis or certain medication use (example: cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide)
  • Drinking water with high levels of arsenic or chlorine
  • History of bladder infections
  • Long term use of urinary catheters

Some tests that your provider may do to determine if you have bladder cancer include:

  • Urinalysis – checks the color of urine and how much sugar, protein, red/white blood cells are present
  • Urine cytology – checks urine under a microscope for abnormal cells
  • Cystoscopy – looks inside bladder and urethra to check for abnormal areas
  • Biopsy – removes cells from bladder to check under a microscope for signs of cancer

Types of treatment for bladder cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy

To learn more about bladder cancer and find additional support visit:

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