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General signs and symptoms of all leukemias may include:

  • Weakness/feeling tired
  • Fever/night sweats
  • Easy bruising/bleeding
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss/loss of appetite
  • Pain in bones or stomach
  • Pain/fullness feeling below ribs
  • Painless lumps in neck, underarm, stomach, or groin
  • Having many infections

General factors that may increase your risk of developing all leukemias include:

  • Being male
  • Being older
  • Being Caucasian
  • Smoking
  • Previous treatment with chemotherapy
  • Previous radiation exposure
  • Family/personal history of leukemias

Some tests that your provider may do to determine if you have leukemia include:

  • Complete blood count – check the number of red blood cells and platelets, the number and type of white blood cells, and the amount of hemoglobin   
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy – remove a small amount of bone marrow to look at under the microscope to determine if there are abnormal cells
  • Cytogenetic analysis – examine bone marrow under a microscope for changes in chromosomes/DNA
  • FISH – identify abnormalities in genes/DNA in cells
  • Immunophenotyping – to compare cancer cells to the normal cells of the immune system

Types of treatment for leukemia include:

  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy (with or without stem cell transplant)
  • Targeted therapy
  • Surgery
  • Biologic therapy
  • Watchful waiting

To learn more about leukemia and find additional support visit:

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