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There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Most lung cancers are caused by smoking but non-smokers can develop lung cancer as well.

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer may include:

  • Chest discomfort/pain
  • Cough that doesn’t go away or gets worse over time
  • Trouble breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Blood in mucus that is coughed up
  • Hoarseness
  • Loss of appetite/unexplained weight loss
  • Feeling very tired
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Swelling in the face and/or veins in the neck

Factors that may increase your risk of developing lung cancer include:

  • Cigarette, cigar, and pipe smoking
  • Secondhand smoke
  • Family history of lung cancer
  • HIV infection
  • Environmental risk factors (radiation exposure, air pollution, etc.)
  • Beta carotene supplements in heavy smokers

Some tests that your provider may do to determine if you have lung cancer include:

  • Low dose spiral CT scan – x-ray that scans body in spiral path and takes detailed pictures of the chest/lungs
  • Chest x-ray

Types of treatment for lung cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Targeted therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Endoscopic stent placement (small cell lung cancer only)
  • Photodynamic therapy, Cryosurgery, Electrocautery, Watchful waiting (non-small cell lung cancer only)

To learn more about lung cancer and find additional support visit:

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