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Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer may include:

  • Lump in neck
  • Trouble breathing
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Hoarseness

Factors that may increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer include:

  • Being between age 25 and 65
  • Being female
  • Exposure to radiation
  • History of enlarged thyroid
  • Family history of thyroid disease or thyroid cancer
  • Having familial medullary thyroid cancer, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A syndrome, or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B syndrome
  • Being Asian

Some tests that your provider may do to determine if you have thyroid cancer include:

  • Physical exam – feel thyroid for nodules and other abnormalities
  • Laryngoscopy – tube with light and camera to view larynx and check for tumors
  • Blood hormone studies – measure the amount of hormones in the blood (certain hormones may be increased in thyroid cancer)
  • Imaging – ultrasound, CT scan
  • Biopsy – remove small sample of thyroid/tumor to look at under a microscope to determine if there are signs of cancer

Types of treatment for thyroid cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation, including radioactive iodine therapy
  • Thyroid hormone therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Watchful waiting

To learn more about thyroid cancer and find additional support visit:

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